Around 1989, the Times-Mirror corporation sponsored a survey called "The Pulse of Europe." The United States wasn't included, but many of the questions were asked in various Los Angelest Times surveys taken at about the same time (some of the questions have also been asked in later Pew surveys).
One of the questions was "In general, how would you most prefer to be paid--on a fixed salary basis, so that you always know how much you will earn--or mostly on an incentive basis which will allow you to earn more if you accomplish a lot, but may result in less earnings if you don't accomplish enough."
Salary Incentive Not sure
US 40% 53% 7%
France 68% 27% 5%
Britain 65% 32% 2%
Spain 70% 25% 4%
There's a clear contrast between European and American preferences. (The question was also asked in Italy, but I'm not sure if the data can be trusted. Only 170 answers were recorded, which is a lot fewer than the documentation suggests there should be. For what it's worth, they gave almost exactly a 50/50 split).